A “Tiger” Tian Huang Stone Seal by Qian Song
Lot No. ：HRCS-QS-190307
Artist： Qian Song (1*) (1818-1860)
Feature：A stone seal, Tianhuang (2*) stone.
1* Qian Song (1818-1860) was a renowned Chinese calligrapher, seal carver, and painter in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. He is also known under the courtesy name of Gaishu and his pseudonym of Naiqing, which he changed to Xi Guo Wai Shi respectively later in his life. He was engraved in the engraving, and was good at writing calligraphy, and guqin. He was also a collector, and the collection of the inscription on the calligraphy works. Qian is following the "Four Xiling Artists" (Ding Jing, Jiang Ren, Huang Yi, Yu Gang), and another giant of the art of Zhepai engraving, and was included in the "Four Xiling Artists" (Chen Yuzhong, Chen Hongshou, Zhao Zhizhen, Qian Song). They are famous " Eight Xiling Artists" is in China.
2* "Tianhuang" is the name of a kind of stone regarded as the most valuable of all stone sculpture materials in China. For this reason there are suggestions that tianhuang be designated as the "king of stones" of China. In bygone days one ounce of tianhuang was worth one ounce of gold; today it has become even more precious. In autumn 1996, the Beijing Hanhai Company put a mid-Qing 460-gram tianhuang seal carved with a dragon-shaped top for auction at an offering price of 300,000 - 50,000 yuan, but the deal was clinched at a whopping 1.4 million yuan, an all-time high worldwide concerning the tianhuan stone.
Tianhuang is produced in the mountains by the Shoushan Stream in the northern suburbs of Fuzhou, capital of Fujian Province. In remote antiquity, cracked stone fell off the mountain and settled in a layer of sand that lay below paddy fields by the Shoushan Stream, and was gradually turned into a kind of sedimental sandy ore that is called tianhuang (which literally means "field and yellow") because of its yellowish colour and because it was mined from underneath paddy fields. Mixed with tianhuang are also stones red, white, black and grey in colour, which are consequently known as hongtian, baitian, heitian and huitian. After many centuries of constant mining, these stones are virtually in non-existence. With a crystal and moist texture, tianhuang is regarded as the best material available for the carving of seals, a Chinese obsession.
For more information, visit The Hongru Private Art Museum