Avalokiteśvara with Lotus：A Handmade Phoebe zhennan S. Lee Wood Carving Buddha Statue
Lot No. ：XZG-XYZN-190228
Feature：“ Avalokiteśvara with Lotus”(1*) , traditional handmade, wood carving (2*), Phoebe zhennan S. Lee (3*), size 82x45x125cm.
1* Avalokiteśvara is a bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas. This bodhisattva is variably depicted and described and is portrayed in different cultures as either female or male. The name Avalokiteśvara combines the verbal prefix ava "down", lokita, a past participle of the verb lok "to notice, behold, observe", here used in an active sense; and finally īśvara, "lord", "ruler", "sovereign" or "master". In accordance with sandhi (Sanskrit rules of sound combination), a+iśvara becomes eśvara. Combined, the parts mean "lord who gazes down (at the world)". In Sanskrit, Avalokiteśvara is also referred to as Padmapāni ("Holder of the Lotus") or Lokeśvara ("Lord of the World"). According to Mahāyāna doctrine, Avalokiteśvara is the bodhisattva who has made a great vow to assist sentient beings in times of difficulty and to postpone his own buddhahood until he has assisted every sentient being in achieving emancipation.
2* The making of sculpture in wood has been extremely widely practiced but survives much less well than the other main materials such as stone and bronze, as it is vulnerable to decay, insect damage, and fire. It therefore forms an important hidden element in the art history of many cultures. Outdoor wood sculptures do not last long in most parts of the world, so that we have little idea how the totem pole tradition developed. Many of the most important sculptures of China and Japan in particular are in wood, and the great majority of African sculpture and that of Oceania and other regions. Wood is light and can take very fine detail so it is highly suitable for masks and other sculpture intended to be worn or carried. Some of the finest extant examples of early European wood carving are from the Middle Ages in Germany, Russia, Italy and France, where the typical themes of that era were Christian iconography. In England, many complete examples remain from the 16th and 17th century, where oak was the preferred medium. The type of wood is important. Hardwoods are more difficult to shape but have greater luster and longevity. Softer woods may be easier to carve but are more prone to damage. Any wood can be carved but they all have different qualities and characteristics.
3* Phoebe Zhennan is a large species of tree up to 30 metres tall in the Lauraceae family. Zhennan was originally a Chinese word that related to its Chinese name 楠 (Nan). The species is under second-class national protection in China. They were so valuable that only royal families could afford to use them. Notably, whole logs of Phoebe zhennan wood have been used in the construction of the Forbidden City. Especially when they are semi-fossilized and become Wu Mu ("Black Wood"), the price on 2012 market could be as high as over $10,000 per cubic meter.
For more information, visit Wooden Wonders